Splayed Leg and Curled Toes: The Best Treatment I’ve Seen

I don’t hatch many new baby chicks in Chickenlandia. Since I focus primarily on rescuing adult chickens, fuzzy new babies just aren’t a yearly occurrence here. Yet, as a backyard chicken educator, I’m all too familiar with some of the issues that can occur with new hatchlings. Two very common and concerning problems are splayed leg (aka spraddle leg) and curled toes.

Splayed Leg. Photo Credit: Kelcie Faber Paulis

Splayed legs and/or curled toes can occur both when a mother hen hatches out babies or when eggs are hatched in an incubator. Sometimes, these conditions are caused by vitamin deficiencies present in the mother and/or father. Other times, something has gone wrong during incubation (which can also lead to developmental issues and/or vitamin deficiency). There are also instances where a chick may come out with no apparent issue but does not have enough traction in their environment to develop correctly. Regardless of the reason, it’s just so sad to see a baby chick suffer.

Curled Toes. Photo Credit: Kelcie Faber Paulis

Starting out Right

First off, I want you to be sure to offer your new chicks bedding with good traction. If you’ve watched my video Raising Baby Chicks the Chickenlandia Way, or taken any of my in-person classes, then you know that my recommendation for their first few days is good old fashioned paper towels. Not only do paper towels provide great traction for developing legs and feet, but it’s also easier for chicks to find their feed and grit when sprinkled about the brooder. For more, watch this video:

If you have a baby chick that arrives with splayed legs or curled toes, it’s safe to say that there was an issue long before they got to you. Your best course of action will be to focus on both physical therapy and a solid nutritional plan. Along with a good quality non-medicated feed (medicated feed can affect a chick’s absorption of Thiamin, which you don’t want), I recommend vitamin therapy with a product called Nutri-Drench. It’s not quite as natural as other products I use, but you just can’t beat its effectiveness. I recommend administering it undiluted at least three times a day. The other chicks can drink it diluted in their water (follow the directions on the bottle).

Your Action Plan

The most common physical therapy used for splayed legs and/or curled toes is to create a makeshift splint using a bandage or tape. The idea is, after a certain time of forcing the legs or toes into the correct position, the problem will correct itself.

Correcting Splayed Leg with a Splint. Photo Credit: Kelcie Faber Paulis

I know this method has worked for a lot of people and I’m certainly not against it, but when I’ve done it this way I’ve found the method cumbersome to the chick. That’s why I was so delighted when my friend Stacie from the YouTube Channel Chicken Hues posted this video about a “glass method”. With a small glass for physical therapy and Nutri-Drench for vitamin therapy, she got amazing results (and so did the chicks!).

Sometimes, no amount of treatment will correct a difficult case of splayed leg and/or curled toes. As chicken keepers, we learn quickly that from time to time our best efforts can’t defy nature. Chickens are so resilient, though, and It’s not unheard of for them to live a fine life with these abnormalities. For those times when their little life is not meant to be, it’s good to know they were loved while they were with us.

Have you ever dealt with splayed leg or curled toes in a baby chick? What was your experience like? Let me know in the comments!

How to Raise Baby Chicks, A Full Guide!

As I’m writing this, we are coming toward the end of the strangest baby chick season I’ve ever experienced as a Backyard Chicken Educator. If you’re reading this from the future, it’s May 30th, 2020. This is the year the pandemic hit. And though I was unable to teach any classes or do any seminars in person, it’s been my busiest time ever.

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busy busy busy!

I’ve seen a lot of criticism regarding the people who “panic bought” baby chicks this year. But in a time when it’s really hard to see a silver lining, I’m seeing one in the surge of new chicken keepers. If you’re someone who is just starting out, congratulations! I welcome you to Chickenlandia, and I hope I can help you have the best backyard chicken experience ever. <3

Is it Now or Never?

Since I couldn’t teach my classes in person this year, I’m pretty grateful for the opportunity to create content on my YouTube Channel. If you watch it, you can find basically everything you need to get started. To cut down on search time, I decided to put all the baby chick things in order for you right here. Let’s begin with whether or not NOW is the best time for you to get chickens:

Be Prepared

If you’ve decided when you are getting baby chicks, let’s talk about what you need BEFORE you bring them home:

The Basics

This is almost exactly what I teach in my in-person classes about caring for baby chicks. It’s an older video (and kinda cringy in my opinion LOL), but still full of good information.

Growing Up

Baby chicks are adorable and fun, but once they start getting big, it becomes more of a challenge keeping them indoors. If you’re wondering when your little velociraptors can go outside and be actual chickens, watch this video:

So there’s your comprehensive guide to baby chicks! Is this your first year raising them or are you a seasoned baby chick pro? Let me know in the comments!

Everything Your Chicken Coop Needs is RIGHT HERE

Friends, I have a confession. Maybe you already know my dark secret.

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Yep, it’s true. I cannot operate a staple gun or build ANYTHING myself. It’s only embarrassing because as a Backyard Chicken Educator, I feel that many people expect me to not only be a chicken-care-expert but also a master builder. Aren’t I supposed to be able to build a coop from an old fridge, two pallets, and a milk crate? It’s in my DNA!

I hate to break it to you, but it turns out that while I’m 100% that chicken lady, I have zero percent coop-builder in my ancestry chart. Perhaps it really is true that aliens built the pyramids (my family is Guatemalan).

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Wait, what?

But wait, I can STILL HELP

One thing you CAN count on me for is telling you what to look for in a coop. I know the attributes a coop needs to make your life easier. So whether your buying or building, you should check out this video to make sure your coop has all the right things:

Also, I know all the Cool People

I’m also excited to share that even though I don’t build, I have friends that do. I recently discovered a new YouTube channel Sonnie’s Place that has some easy DIY coop-building content I think you will love. Check out these two easy to follow videos for your coop-making research:

She’s got the SERIOUS SKILLZ
Even more skillz!

What about you? Are you a builder, a buyer, or a little bit of both? Let me know in the comments!

Homeopathics for Chickens

On this week’s Bawk Tawk live YouTube show and Podcast, I received a question regarding the top items I would suggest for new chicken keepers. Aside from the obvious (food, water, shelter), I also spoke about the importance of having a chicken first aid kit handy. Soon, I’ll be posting a video about my own Chicken First Aid Kit. But for now, I suggest doing a simple google search and checking out the top blogs for items to add to your kit (they are almost all the same).

Watch my simple Sick Chicken Action Plan here ^^

I did talk about something in my first aid kit that not many folks suggest. I’m a long time user of homeopathy for myself and my family, which includes my beloved chickens. While I am not a licensed homeopath (or a veterinarian, for that matter), I have been practicing homeopathy for twenty-five years, and I’ve seen it work too many times to deny it’s credibility.

Boy George in our bathroom stall, recovering from illness.

I have five homeopathic remedies that I would suggest for any beginner chicken keeper who is interested in this modality. I listed them in my live show and podcast, but in my nervousness (yep, it happens when I’m live LOL) I failed to mention what some of them are indicated for! Here they are WITH their indications listed:

Aconite Napellus, 30c: Use for sudden fear or shock, sudden chill, trauma, or when illness comes on suddenly.

Antimodium Crudum, 30c: Use for a chicken with obvious respiratory issues, specifically if there is rattling in the nasal passages or chest.

Arnica Montana, 30c: Use for shock, injury, bruising, swelling, pain.

Arsenicum Album, 30c: Use for ease in dying, especially if the chicken is in distress.

Carbo Vegetabilis, 30c: Use this as a last resort if your chicken appears to be extremely ill, toes curled, and near death. Can also be used for some respiratory issues.

Gelsemium, 30c: Use for a chicken who seems to have “given up”, is lethargic, won’t eat, and depressed.

I also want to mention something I didn’t include in my live show and podcast. It’s called PRID, and it’s a homeopathic drawing salve that I’ve heard from some reliable sources works great for bumblefoot. It’s a human-grade product that you can find on amazon and possibly your local Walmart.

IMPORTANT NOTE: You’ll notice that on the homeopathic vials, there will be other indications listed that may not match the ones I listed above. The companies that make homeopathics put a short list of indications on them, but any remedy has a number of uses, and it’s impossible to list them all on the vials.

Caring for Philippe during his respiratory illness.

As for dosing, I suggest placing one pellet into a small glass of water, then putting some of the water into a needle-less syringe. Give the chicken one dose by placing a few drops on the side of their beak and letting it drip into their mouth. Even if they are not actively drinking, if a drop gets into their mouth, that is a proper dose. Watch your chicken closely for improvement. You can dose again in a few hours and observe. If you see any change for the better, stop dosing and don’t dose again unless the chicken backslides. If the chicken gets worse or shows no improvement after a couple of doses, it’s probably not the right remedy. Stop dosing in that instance. <3

I know homeopathy isn’t for everyone, but I wanted to share what works for me. Is there something in your chicken first aid kit that you would like to share? Let me know in the comments!

Disclaimer Notice: The content of the Welcome to Chickenlandia YouTube Channel, website, blog, vlog, and all social media is for informational purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for professional veterinarian advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Dependence on any information appearing on the Welcome to Chickenlandia YouTube Channel, website, blog, vlog, and social media sites is entirely at your own risk. Please do your own research and make your own informed decisions regarding the health of your chickens.

Two Important Things to Know BEFORE You Get Chickens

How Many Chickens Should YOU Get?

There are two questions my students ask me when they are beginning their initial chicken research. The first is, “How many chickens should I get?” I always chuckle a little at this one, because I’m all too aware of the dangers of Chicken Math and how quickly it can take hold. That’s why I put together a video that breaks it down easily. Hopefully, you won’t make the same mistakes I did! I want your backyard chicken journey to be fun and not stressful. Especially when you’re just starting out. Click the play button below for more:

Now that you have an idea of how many chickens you should start out with, let me gently suggest that you create your chicken environment with MORE chickens in mind. Trust me on this one. You will very likely get more chickens than you originally thought. Chicken Math immunity is rare!

What Breeds are Best for Me?

You’ve probably spent the last six months drooling over all the beautiful breeds of chickens and wondering which ones would fit your needs. I have a very diverse flock, mainly since I do rescue. But if you’re just starting out, I have a few tried and true breeds to suggest for you. Click the play button for more:

So, there you go. Now you have some knowledge on where to start with backyard chicken keeping. One thing I know for sure is that you are about to embark on something surprisingly delightful! I couldn’t be happier for you. Let me know how it goes in the comments and definitely keep me update!

Can Chickens Change your Life?

My short answer is yes, but allow me to explain.

Many years ago, when my husband and I owned a farm store in Lynden, Washington, our business partner and I had to give a presentation to possible investors. My business partner started out by introducing himself as a life-long, hard-working farmer. He spoke admirably about his days spent with chores as a central theme, and how he has always focused on work ethic and responsibility. The room was impressed.

It soon became my turn to speak. I went into the meeting not really knowing what I was going to say, and I was even more unsure upon the realization that I would have to follow my business partner’s squeaky-clean intro. At the final moment, I did what I do best. I was brutally honest. To a fault, some may say.

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Me in highschool ^^

“I have been lazy all my life. In high school, I got bad grades and wasn’t motivated. I have really always liked to sleep in.” The room giggled. I was encouraged and went on.

“Then I got chickens and everything changed. Chickens make me get up early. They make me have to shovel poop. They force me to have a schedule and to be a more responsible person. And now, I want to work even harder by making our farm store the best it can be.” It was wide smiles and softened eyes all around. We didn’t get the investment money (probably a good thing in the long run), and we eventually had to let go of the store. But hey, at least I know I’m relatable. And I really did mean everything I said. Chickens made me grow up, and I will forever be grateful to them. For more, click here:

Chickens Made me a Better Person

Non-chicken-people often look puzzled when I tell them how chickens have changed my life for the better. But chicken-people always give me a knowing look, a nod, and sometimes even a teary-eyed affirmation. They know the surprising power chickens have to release burdens old and new. How have chickens made your life better? I’d love you to let me know in the comments.

Handling Respiratory Illness in Chickens

Oh boy. You just heard it. The dreaded “chicken sneeze”. Then you hear another and another. This isn’t just a one-time thing. Your chicken is sick. Sad face.

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Like any good chicken parent, you immediately go onto Facebook and create a panicked post about your chicken being sick. What you receive back is NOT HELPING.

“They are all infected now. It’s probably Marek’s.”

“Have you read that article about bird flu?” *posts article*

“You need to treat your whole flock with antibiotics, then bleach your yard.”

“When that happened to me, I culled my whole flock and started over!”

Just so we’re clear, I’m not a veterinarian, and nothing I’m about to say is meant to take the place of solid medical advice from a licensed professional. In fact, that’s always the best route to take if you can afford it. But there’s also something to be said for good old fashioned common sense. If you or someone you love comes down with a cold, do you immediately take drastic measures? Probably not at first.

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Remain Calm

The first thing I do when my chickens come down with something respiratory in nature is follow my Sick Chicken Action Plan, which is a quick and memorable guide to follow when you have a chicken that is under the weather. Check it out here:

For respiratory illness, I’ve added a few immune-boosting strategies to add to your course of action. These are for both your actively sick chickens and the rest of your flock. For a super easy tutorial, press the play button below:

You might be wondering why I don’t talk about antibiotics in the above videos. Well, I actually DO think there’s a time and place for antibiotics, and I do have a bottle in my chicken medicine cabinet. But it’s not the first thing I reach for. Many chicken illnesses present with similar symptoms, and some of them cannot be treated with antibiotics. In my opinion, it’s wise not to use them unless you know for sure what you are dealing with. And unless I had been advised to do so by a veterinary professional, I would be very hesitant to treat my whole flock.

Prevention is Best

Dealing with illness in our flock is never easy, but it helps when it’s not made harder by unnecessary panic. Even better, let’s prevent illness by boosting wellness! To learn more about how you can boost your chickens’ immune systems naturally, click below!

What about you? Have you dealt with sneezing chickens before? Let me know in the comments!

Disclaimer Notice: The content of the Welcome to Chickenlandia YouTube Channel, website, blog, vlog, and all social media is for informational purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for professional veterinarian advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Dependence on any information appearing on the Welcome to Chickenlandia YouTube Channel, website, blog, vlog, and social media sites is entirely at your own risk. Please do your own research and make your own informed decisions regarding the health of your chickens.

Caring for Older Chickens in Winter

My first babies. <3

Almost a decade ago, I walked into a farm store and bought ten little fluffy chicks. One of them was especially cute. She had feathered feet, and I was told she was a bantam cochin. That little fluff ball has lived in Chickenlandia ever since, and has pecked and scratched her way into my heart. I named her Cinnamon, then Pumpkin, then Cinnamon again.

Cinnamon is on the right. <3 I think that’s Philippe on the left, looking like a cameraman LOL.

Over the years, Cinnamon has needed little care. She’s very hardy and has never been sick *knock on wood*. I confess that she really hasn’t gotten much attention from me. That is, until lately, when I realized how old she was. During the last cold snap, I brought her and two of her elderly sisters into the garage at night.

On their way inside!

It didn’t end there. I also had the experience of going into my coop and noticing something very strange about my little rooster Boy George. His comb was purple! Not just a little bit purple, a LOT purple. I realized that he was also getting older (7) and needed to convalesce inside the house.

All these old chickens! I suppose that’s what happens when you have what is basically a chicken retirement home. To see exactly what I did to care for my older chickens during our latest cold snap, click the play button below!

My best thumbnail so far LOL!

What about you? Do you bring your chickens inside when it’s cold? Let me know in the comments!

Merry Christmas from Chickenlandia!

It’s Christmas Eve! I hope you are having a wonderful day. Just wanted to take a moment to share with you this year’s Chickenlandia Christmas Special, Chicken Claus Saves Christmas! You won’t want to miss this one:

For even more Christmas spirit direct from Chickenlandia, watch last year’s Christmas Special, all about what Christmas means in Chickenlandia.

May you have a wonderful holiday, whatever you celebrate. And may there someday be peace on earth.

Love, Dalia

The President of Chickenlandia

How to Care for a Sick Chicken

The curse of the “Man Cold”.

I don’t know about you, but I’m literally the worst sick person. In our household, I’m the one who gets “Man Colds”, while The First Man will hide illnesses as well as any chicken I’ve ever known. In fact, one time when he told me he was feeling sick and that his back hurt, I confess that I secretly rolled my eyes thinking he was overreacting. That is, until he ended up in the hospital with a serious case of pneumonia! Oops. Sorry, sweetheart…

The Royals of Welcome to Chickenlandia
He’s a good First Man.

Not calm as a cucumber.

Let’s just say I don’t handle illness, or honestly any kind of emergency, very well. In the past, I’ve been known to panic, which really isn’t helpful in a moment where it’s crucial to be level headed. It’s for this reason that I totally understand when a student or fan messages me frantically, asking what to do about their chicken who has suddenly become ill. I’m happy to lay out some simple steps for them, while they decide if veterinary care is in order. If only I could stay so calm when it’s one of my own chickens!

Caring for Philippe during his respiratory illness.

Making it simple.

I started thinking… Wouldn’t it be great if there was a very simple word to remember when you find a sick chicken? A word that revealed an easy action plan so that panic didn’t take over? I brainstormed and came up with the acronym R.E.S.T. Each letter stands for an action you can take to make your chicken comfortable during a sudden illness. Click the play button below for the easy plan:

I wish chickens could tell us what is wrong when they don’t feel good. And I wish I handled illness better in general. Until then, I’ve got Chickenlandia’s Sick Chicken Action Plan to fall back on! And guess what? It works pretty well on humans, too. 😉

Do you have anything you like to do every time you care for a sick chicken? Let me know in the comments!

Disclaimer Notice

The content of the Welcome to Chickenlandia website, blog, vlog, and all social media are for informational purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for professional veterinarian advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Dependence on any information appearing on the Welcome to Chickenlandia website, blog, vlog, and social media sites is entirely at your own risk. Please do your own research and make your own informed decisions regarding the health of your chickens.

© 2020 Welcome to Chickenlandia